Why the Christian GOD and not other gods
By Atheist Answers (Facebook Page)
This is going to be a very quick look into why Christian Theism is the correct theology, against all other theologies. This is in no way at all a comprehensive study, it is just a tiny insight to give a frame of inference.
The numerous angles which could be covered like Bibliology, history and science as to why I believe Christian Theism is the only World View which makes sense of the data, are not going to be factored in. Instead this article is going to be purely looking at the different theologies from a philosophical point of view.
In my studies I have found Christian Theism to be the only rationally coherent World View in making sense of reality. I have particularly found the World Views in which atheism is built upon (i.e. Metaphysical Naturalism\Materialism\Physicalism etc..) to be irrational and self refuting. But I have also found other Deistic theologies and the World Views built upon them to have the same problem.
GOD by definition (part 1)
There is a wide variety of Deistic world views. We have specific Theism's (religions), and then we have open Theism, Deism and a wide variety of anthropomorphic type gods (i.e. Zeus, Poseidon, Apollo, Artemis, Hermes etc..).
This section is going to briefly address the anthropomorphic type gods.
These gods by definition can not be GOD, as they catergorically fit into the ontology of a creaturely Being (created Being).
This is because GOD by definition must be the origin, source and definition of all of reality, as all of reality came from HIM and is held by HIM. GOD is the explanation of reality, if GOD is subservient to reality then he is not GOD (he would be a created Being) and reality still needs explaining by an ultimate cause (GOD would be the standard of all of reality by definition, if any standard is used to measure GOD, that standard\thing would be GOD. So by definition GOD would always be the ultimate authority for all of reality). Well all these anthropomorphic type gods are subservient to reality, not the author of it. They can be lied to, tricked, overpowered, lack properties etc... They are by definition of ontology, creaturely Beings (created Beings) and not GOD.
The basic philosophical premise is that "every effect has a cause". So the logical conclusion is that there is an utlimate Cause which is never under effect; and which then must be the root, source and definition of all reality (the universe is mutable and finite). None of the anthropomorphic type gods are philosophically plausible just on this one premise alone (never mind the plethora of other philosophical issues).
Two issues of philosophy which only make sense through the prism of Christian Theism (part 2)
The first issue
My first example is going to be how Justice only makes sense in the Christian Theistic theology...
No matter what religion a person has, if logic is our axiom for truth and if ultimate justice truly exists, we as sinners\immoral people are in big trouble (everyone is immoral in some way).
What would have to exist in order for true justice to exist?
Based on a deductive argument by the philosopher Kant, It looks as follows:
(1)An afterlife (as justice is not ultimately and truly met out in this life)
(2)A Judge (as morality is an existential property and the knowledge of a personal Being)
(3)The Judge must be transcendent (so no one can escape Justice as a force)
(4)The Judge must be omnipotent (all powerful, so that HE can inact all Justice)
(5)The Judge must be omniscient (so HE knows all things in order to judge)
(6)The Judge must be incorruptible (HE must judge all immorality perfectly with out letting off any crime\one or being bribe-able)...
(sounds like the GOD of the BIBLE needs to exist if true justice does)
So not only does Christian Theism provide the exact philosophical position for justice to exist, but it is the only World View which can provide a logical basis in which sinners can escape; through the penal substitutionary atonement of CHRIST JESUS (Amen; The basis is a legal transaction).
You see if true justice exists, logically there will have to be an afterlife in which people will be judged for every immoral thing they have ever done, and in which they will have to face the penalty for it all.
There is no logical way around this if logic is our axiom and true justice exists (except by the Christian Theistic basis)...
Looking at Justice from an Materialist atheistic perspective
Now if we conclude justice does not exist, then we are living an illusion. All the courts are set up on a basis of insanity because justice is not a True Informative state of reality but rather a non informed state of reality.
If true justice exists in reality then the above argument shows you logically what would have to be in place (and humans could only use Justice via an objectively quantifiable aspect of reality which really exists. Otherwise human "justice" is based on an arbitrary and subjective illusion which has no retaliation to reality) . The only other option is to deny that Justice exists. But then that is to conclude that humanities existential perceptions of reality are false, and that they are nothing more than an epiphenomenal illusionary byproduct of deterministic chemistry (which refutes it's self as how do we know that it is false). Which leaves you with an irrational world view (which means ultimately you can know nothing).
Looking at Justice from a theological perspective
GOD by definition of Being GOD must be the source and standard of all things\existence. So if this reality came from HIM, HE must be the source and definition of the property of Justice, and HE must have it as a maximal property. Well this is a problem for all religions, as GOD must be fully merciful and yet fully just with out having a contradiction of properties. Only Christian Theism can provide the philosophically plausible answer, with the penal substitutionary atonement of CHRIST JESUS.
Let us look at a made up conversation of a Christian with a Muslim for example
Christian: "When you pray to Allah, do you ask for Justice or Mercy?"
Muslim: "Mercy" (assuming he is not pretending he is morally perfect).
Christian: "So does your god need to negate his Justice in order to give you his Mercy?"
The obvious answer is yes. The Muslim god, the Diest god and the open Theist god all have the same problem on this one point..
The anti-theist Dan Barker said
"If God is infinitely merciful, he can never be just. If God is ever just (not to mention infinitely just), then he cannot be infinitely merciful. A God who is both infinitely merciful and just not only does not exist, he cannot exist. This is one of the positive arguments for the nonexistence of God based on incompatible properties (or incoherency). If God is defined as a married bachelor, we don’t need to discuss evidence or argument; we can simply claim a logical impossibility."
"[If] God is infinitely merciful, then I cannot go to hell. It wouldn’t matter how I lived or what I thought, infinite mercy would absolve me of any crime, no matter how great, including the crime of refusing to believe in God, accept his authority or admit that I had done anything wrong."
Dan Barker seems to be oblivous to the Christian Theistic theology of the cross which has a basis for GOD to be both infinitly just and for HIM to be infinitly merciful (what could be more infinitely merciful than giving yourself for the sins of your enemies) with out a contradiction. And yet in Christian Theism GOD is able to do this, while still retaining both extremes and not negating the will of man (so no contradiction of any properties). No other theology I have come across (apart from Christian Theism) can philosophically do this.
The anti-theist\skeptic Michael Shermer, in his ignorance once said the following as a polemic against the Christian GOD for what he considered absurdity
"GOD had to save us from HIMSELF, by HIMSELF and for HIMSELF"
Now this is what would philosophically have to be true of GOD, it is not a polemic against GOD. As nothing is greater than GOD, after HE gave Beings free will by HIS omnipotent power the only threat to HIMSELF was HIS own internal consistency (no creaturely Being). So GOD had to save us from a HOLY GOD, with the love and power of GOD, for the greatest of all reasons > GOD. Any other philosophy would make GOD subservient to an aspect of reality outside HIMSELF and therefore could not be GOD. So another reason for the Christian Theistic theologies philosophical strength compared to other theologies.
The second issue
It is something we all intuitively recognize, but because it seems subjective between different persons a lot of people decided it is non existent despite their existential (qualia) experience of it.
So there are two basic premises we see when it comes to morality and our experience of it
1: We experience it as an objective truth (like logic, it is a statement about what is correct. If it is not objective, then by definition it can be nothing more than a preference to behavior, like the way we have a preference to certain flavored ice cream. But that is not how we experience it).
2: It seems to be subjective when run through consensus (because it is quantified differntly by seperate persons; not all but a lot).
So again the Materailistic atheist position is to either accept objetcive morality, which then would prove atheism false (as there can be no objective reality with out GOD. This is explained a lot more on other studies). Or to believe morality is nothing more than an epiphenomenal illusionary byproduct of deterministic chemistry.
Now most other theologies can account for premise 1 but they can not account for premise 2. But Christian Theism can, as the doctrine of the fall of man and his depravity says; man has some similitude of GOD but he is broken, and has a faulty moral compass. That is why he knows morality exists but he can not quantify it, showing that even if man wanted to do good he wouldn't even truly know how to quantify it perfectly to do it (that is how fallen and lost we are, we need saving from ourselves. That is why we need to be Born Again).
Now Islam for example can not account for this, they do not believe man is that fallen in their theology.
So Islam believes all men are capable of doing good with their own nature, so they must be able to know what it is to do it.
But if that is true and all men can do good by their own nature, then why do lots of people genuinely disagree on what good is? and worst yet (for logical coherency) disagree with the Quran's morality as being good.
See, for Christian Theism we can explain why man will disagree with GOD's standard (the Bible), because he is so lost he can not even quantify morality. But for the Muslim they do not have this option. So again Christian Theism has a rational coherent theology among other theologies.
There is much much more I could say, but I hope these examples help to set the sort of mindset that would help a person determine why the Christian Theistic theology is the true theology...