Jewish history around the 2nd Temple supports the death and Resurrection of Jesus being from God
By Atheist Answers (Facebook Page)
The religious Jewish establishment rejected Jesus as Messiah, and in light of this my following article will be regarding events recorded by these Jews about the 2nd Temple in which they do not factor Jesus being Messiah as even a possible reason for the events they recorded (but these events strongly support that He was), so I will be using a hostile witness position to show the coherency of Jesus death and Ressurection being of God.
So lets look at what the Rabbinic literature states regarding events around the 2nd Temple just before it's destruction
There is a place in the Rabbinic writings called Yoma 39 b, where the rabbis taught that in the forty years prior to the destruction of the Temple, the following happened (these things are also attested to by the historian Josephus): on Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, they would hang a scarlet cord – probably associated in some way with Isaiah 1:18 – before the Holy of Holies when the High Priest entered to make the sacrifice. They believed that this scarlet cord would turn white if the sin of the people was forgiven; if they were not forgiven, the cord would remain red. Daniel chapter nine, as we will see, said that the Messiah had to come and die before the second Temple was destroyed; Jesus echoed this in the Olivet Discourse (Matt. 24, Luke 21). The Rabbis taught,
"During the last forty years before the destruction of the Temple – which happened circa 70 A.D., the scarlet thread did not become white, nor did the Western lamp in the Temple shine; and the doors of the Holy of Holies would fling themselves open of their own accord. For the forty years before the destruction of the Temple, the scarlet thread never turned white, but remained red."
The second Temple was destroyed in 70 A.D.; forty years before 70 A.D. would have been circa 30 A.D./ C.E. In other words, from the time of Jesus until the destruction of the Temple, according to Judaism, the people's sin was never forgiven.
"During the last forty years before the destruction of the Temple, the lot for the Lord did not come up in the right hand, nor did the crimson-colored strap become white; nor did the Western-most light shine, and the doors to the Hekal, the Temple, would open by themselves, until Rabbi Jochanan ben Zakkai rebuked them, saying, 'Hekal, Hekal, why wilt thou be the alarmer thyself? I know about thee, that thou wilt be destroyed, for Zachariah Ben Ido has already prophesied concerning thee, "Open thy doors, O Lebanon, that the fire may devour the cedars."'"
What this is saying is that Rabbi Jochanan ben Zakkai is supposed to have asked the doors why they were predicting their own destruction...
In the Menahot, it says:
"By the morning, the oil in the lamps had burnt out. The priests came in and cleaned out the lamps, removing the old wicks and putting in new wicks, and pouring oil into them, ready for the kindling in the evening. The Western lamp, however, although it had no more oil than the other lamps, miraculously continued to burn the entire day long, so that when the lamps were to be kindled in the evening, they were kindled from this one. The western lamp itself was then extinguished, cleaned out, a fresh wick put in, oil poured in, and then relit. Thus the lamp provided the fire for lighting the other lamps, and yet was the last to be cleaned out. This miracle has testified to the Divine Presence in Israel."
According to these entries, during the forty years prior to the destruction of the second Temple in 70 A.D., the Western lamp which was the lamp that lit the other lamps – in other words, Jesus, the true Light of the world – went out, which is an indication that the shekinah cloud had left. Also, the doors to the Holy of Holies would fling themselves open; furthermore, the scarlet thread that was tied to the door of the Temple never became white, indicating that the sins of Israel were not forgiven. This took place from the time of the crucifixion of Jesus to the time of the destruction of the Temple; Yoma 39 b.
By the time the Temple was destroyed, Daniel's prediction that the Messiah would come and die beforehand was fulfilled.
As early as the Talmudic era, the sages knew that the Messiah should have come already. They cried:
"All the predestined dates for the Redemption have passed, and the matter now depends only on repentance and good deeds."
– Sanhedrin 97 beht.
They were faced with major prophecies that were well past their dates for fulfillment; Jesus was the only person who claimed to be the Messiah who could actually in His time prove Davidic descent. This is not only recorded in the New Testament, but also in Sanhedrin 43 aleph: "With Yeshu (Jesus), it was different: He was connected with the government. This is an ambiguous phrase, which has actually misled some people to believe that it actually refers to royal lineage." God spent 1000 years promising Abraham and David that the Messiah would descend from them; therefore, when He allowed all of the genealogies to be destroyed with the second Temple, it was obvious that the Messiah had to have come. So we read:
"And the Sanhedrin wept: 'Oy vevoy, woe to us! For the Temple is destroyed, and the Messiah has not come.'"
There was a famous rabbi named Rabbi Leopold Cohen, who was greatly troubled by Daniel 9, which said that the Messiah had to come and die before the destruction of the second Temple.
Rabbi Cohen had a big problem when he went to the Talmud and saw this. He realized that the Messiah had to have come around 32 or 33 A.D. The Talmud said two things in this regard: one was that there is a curse on anybody who reads Daniel 9. He asked his instructors why, and looked into the Talmud, and found that it said the reason for the curse was that the time of the Messiah's coming was foretold in Daniel 9. He could not believe that God would put something in His Word and not want people to understand what it meant; therefore, Rabbi Leopold Cohen became a Baptist minister.
So in regards to explaining the events of the temple reported by Jews who were perplexed by them and whom recoreded them even though it made them look bad (as it was suggesting God was not happy with them), and in regards to the prophecies in the Old Testament of Messiah's coming before the destruction of the 2nd Temple; the best explanation is that Jesus' death and Ressurection was of God in fulliment of what God said He would do...